Goldfish Now Have Better Attention Spans Than We Do人类注意力比金鱼还差Last week, Microsoft released a study that sought to analyze the impact that technology – cellphones and social media specifically – is having on our attention span and the quality of our focus. They found some pretty significant changes compared with research conducted 15 years ago. Lets take a look at the findings.上周，微软公司就现代科技——手机和社交媒体对我们注意力时长和质量的影响做到了一项调查。研究找到，与15年前做到的调查比起，有了相当大的转变。让我们来想到调查结果。1. The average attention span has fallen to just eight seconds.1.平均值注意力时长降至了8秒The average human attention span in 2000 was 12 seconds, and now its just eight. The decrease was found across genders and all age groups. Apparently, a goldfish has an attention span of nine seconds. Measuring the attention span of animals is sort of tricky stuff though … so its possible we still have them beat.2000年人类平均值注意力时长为12秒，现在只有8秒。
不过研究动物时会有其他不确认因素，所以或许我们仍领先。2. Young people were most likely to demonstrate addiction-like behaviors when it came to digital technology.2.年轻人更容易着迷科技产品Seventy-seven percent of 18- to 24-year-olds responded yes when asked if the following statement was true for them: When nothing is occupying my attention, the first thing I do is reach for my phone. Only 10 percent of people over 65 said the same thing.当问到以下问题是，18到24年龄段的青年中有77%人问“是的”。这些问题是：“如果眼前没什么可做的，我会想起第一件事就是看手机。”而65岁以上人群中仅有10%不会这么做到。
3. Young people may be more alert, just for shorter increments of time.3.比较上升的注意力，年轻人更加灵敏The good news is that these young people, early adopters of technology, as the study sometimes refers to them, have developed some strengths to accommodate for their shorter attention spans. 好消息是这项研究提及，那些回头在科技前沿的年轻人早已演化出有其他能力来填补较短的注意力时长。4. The ability to multitask has improved.4.同时处置多重事件的能力有转变Part of the explanation for the shortened attention span comes from what the study refers to as multi-screening – viewing multiple screens at once, using social media while consuming the latest news, etc. As long as the environment is active, early tech adopters are able to process information and commit it to memory more efficiently. But, their capabilities fall short if the digital experience is passive – probably due to their decreased ability to focus for long periods of time. 变长的注意力时长有些方面也可归因为“多屏”处置能力，即人们可以同时身旁多个屏幕，比如看新闻的时候用于社交应用于，等等。在主动环境下，用于科技产品的老手可以更加有效地的处置信息并把信息储存在记忆里。
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